I’m sure others will chime in but I can speak from direct experience. Running always seemed to introduce shin splints, plantar fasciitis or some kind of knee issue. I think what Scott or others will say is add no more than 10% volume each week, but even that amount was too much for me. It literally took me about 2 – 3 years of slow build up to be able to tolerate running on a regular basis.
I changed several things along the way which you may find helpful. I run with green superfeet insoles, and hike and climb with them as well. I no longer run on asphalt, concrete or even treadmills. Only dirt. I don’t use gel shoes or super padded shoes. I also build in walking periods to my runs even if you can stay in Z1 the entire time which I cannot do, I recommend having a minute or two every couple of miles to just walk briskly and give yourself a small break. I also stopped trying to run uphill. I could get better at it, but it caused injury flareups.
With those mods and time, I seem to be able to run when I want and about as often as I want. I also like to take a couple of ibuprofen beforehand which not everyone recommends, but I found that helps with the aches and pains especially during the early part of the runs.
Hope this helps.